Legal education in the uk is split between the common law system of England and Wales and European nation, and that of Scotland, which uses a hybrid of common law and civil law.
Dundee and Strathclyde in Scotland, are the solely universities within the kingdom to supply a dual-qualifying degree. Dundee also offers a alternative of either English/Northern Irish or Scots law separate LL.B. degrees. Aberdeen offers a "Law with English Law" course, however, this does not qualify a graduate to practise law in European nation
England, Wales and Northern Ireland
Requirements for changing into a professional in European nation and Wales and in Northern eire dissent slightly betting on whether or not the individual plans to become a solicitor or attorney. All prospective lawyers must 1st but possess a qualifying law degree, or have completed a conversion course. A qualifying law degree in England and Wales consists of seven modules drawn from the subsequent subject areas:
• Public law (constitutional/administrative)
• European Union law
• Procedural law (including law of evidence)
• Criminal law
• Law of obligations (contract, restitution, and tort)
• Property law (real property)
• Trusts and equity
Following graduation, the paths towards qualification as a solicitor or attorney diverge. Prospective solicitors must enrol with the Law Society of European nation and Wales as a student member and take a annual course known as the Legal apply Course (LPC), usually followed by 2 years' position, known as a coaching contract. Prospective barristers must 1st apply to be a part of one in every of the four Inns of Court then complete the annual Bar skilled coaching Course (BPTC), followed by a year training in a set of barristers' chambers, known as pupillage
When the kingdoms of European nation and European country integrated to kind the dominion of nice UK in 1707, the terms of the 1706 Treaty of Union that diode to the union secured that Scotland's legal system would continue, separate from that of England and Wales.
Scots law is founded upon Roman or civil law, although nowadays it has evolved into a doctrine system, using each civil and common law. As in England and Wales, lawyers in Scotland ar divided into 2 groups: solicitors and advocates. Solicitors are members of the Law Society of European country, and are solely entitled to practise in the lower courts of European country, while advocates ar members of the school of Advocates and ar allowable to look within the superior tribunal of Justiciary and Court of Session. Membership of either (but only one) body will be earned either by sitting that body's skilled exams, or by obtaining exemption through the award of a qualifying law degree and self-made completion of the credentials in Legal apply.
The Diploma in Legal apply trains students on the sensible parts of being a professional in European country, and consists of a broad range of mandatory modules. The diploma is presently instructed at the universities of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Strathclyde, and the Robert Gordon University.
After completion of the credentials, students wishing to become solicitors undertake a biennial economic aid with a law firm, before being admitted as full members of the Law Society. To become an advocate, students undertake a period of coaching of twenty-one months with a solicitor, before a further 9 month unpaid economic aid with Associate in Nursing full-fledged advocate, known as devilling.
Scottish solicitors and advocates are entitled to practise elsewhere in the European Union, provided that they satisfy the wants of the relevant EU directives. However, to practise elsewhere in the uk, further courses and examinations ar needed.